Cooper closed 2016 with operating profit of $384 million and a record operating profit margin of 13.1 percent; unit volume increased 2.6 percent year over year
FINDLAY, Ohio, Feb. 17, 2017 – Cooper Tire & Rubber Company (NYSE: CTB) today reported full year 2016 net income of $248 million, or diluted earnings per share of $4.51, compared with $213 million, or $3.69 per share, one year ago. The full year results included non-cash pension settlement charges of $12 million. Excluding these charges, diluted earnings per share for the full year would have been $4.66 per share.
Fourth Quarter 2016 Highlights:
- Unit volume up 7.7 percent, with increases in both the Americas and International segments
- Net sales increased 1.1 percent to $784 million
- Operating profit of $105 million, or 13.4 percent of net sales
- Diluted earnings per share of $1.28
- $25.5 million of company stock repurchased
- Launched GRT joint venture for truck and bus radial (TBR) tire production
Full Year 2016 Highlights:
- Unit volume up 2.6 percent year over year, driven by strong domestic volume increases in Asia and Latin America
- Net sales of $2.92 billion compared with $2.97 billion in the prior year
- Including $12 million in non-cash pension settlement charges, operating profit was $384 million, or 13.1 percent of net sales, representing an 8.4 percent increase over the prior year and a record operating profit margin for the company
- Excluding $12 million in non-cash pension settlement charges, operating profit was $397 million, or 13.6 percent of net sales, representing an 11.9 percent increase over the prior year
- $108 million of company stock repurchased during the year
“Through consistent execution of our strategic plan, and the favorable raw material cycle of the past few years, Cooper ended 2016 in a very strong position, achieving a record full year operating profit margin of 13.1 percent. Our profit performance was led by record operating profit in our Americas segment and substantial profit improvement in the International segment,” said President & Chief Executive Officer Brad Hughes. “In addition, we delivered unit volumes that were up nearly 8 percent in the fourth quarter, led by double-digit domestic growth in Asia and Latin America. We also continued to return cash to shareholders through our balanced capital allocation program, and remained good stewards of capital, as reflected in our 18.9 percent return on invested capital for 2016. I am proud of the work our teams around the globe did throughout 2016 to deliver these great results.
“Looking ahead, we expect raw material costs—which began to increase sharply toward the end of 2016—to continue to rise in 2017. We are confident in the strength of the Cooper business model, which has led to positive mix transformation, improved speed to market with exciting new products, cost efficiencies, and other advances. These business model improvements will help Cooper succeed during this period of rapidly rising raw material costs. However, we do expect rising raw material costs to impact results in the short term, until pricing adjusts for such costs. With raw material cost increases that we believe will level off later this year, and pricing actions by Cooper and competitors beginning to take place, we anticipate that full year 2017 operating profit margins will be at the high end of our previously projected 8 to 10 percent range. This is based on operating profit margins around the low end of this range in the first half of the year, as pricing lags raw material cost increases, and operating profit margins above the high end of this range in the second half of the year, when we expect raw material costs to level off and pricing to begin to catch up. As a reminder, in the United States, we use the LIFO accounting method, charging the most recent costs against sales, which impacts profits more quickly than other inventory accounting methods.
“Cooper remains committed to delivering shareholder value as demonstrated by our announcement this morning to increase and extend our share repurchase program to $300 million in common stock through Dec. 31, 2019. This action reflects our confidence in Cooper’s financial strength and in the long-term success of our business,” Hughes concluded.
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Consolidated Fourth Quarter Highlights:
- Fourth quarter net sales were $784 million, an increase of 1.1 percent compared to a year ago. Fourth quarter results included higher unit volume of $60 million, with increases in both the Americas and International segments. The unit volume increase was partially offset by unfavorable price and mix of $35 million, primarily due to net price reductions related to lower raw material costs early in the quarter, as well as $17 million of negative foreign currency impact.
- Fourth quarter operating profit was $105 million compared with $103 million for the same period last year. Operating profit increased as a result of $6 million of higher unit volume, $6 million of favorable SG&A, and $3 million of lower product liability cost. These benefits were partially offset by $8 million of unfavorable raw material costs, net of price and mix, $1 million of unfavorable manufacturing charges, and $4 million of other costs. Raw material costs are inclusive of tariffs, including the preliminary duties on TBR tires.
- Fourth quarter SG&A was $63 million, which compares with $69 million in the fourth quarter of 2015. The decrease was due primarily to lower incentive compensation costs. SG&A expense for the quarter was 8.1 percent of sales, compared with 8.9 percent of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2015.
- The effective tax rate for the fourth quarter was 29.3 percent compared with 38.0 percent in the prior year. The effective tax rate decreased due to a more favorable mix of foreign earnings in lower rate jurisdictions. In addition, there were discrete benefits recognized during the quarter of approximately $1 million.
- Capital expenditures in the fourth quarter were $49 million compared with $54 million in 2015. At year end, Cooper had $504 million in cash and cash equivalents, compared with $505 million at Dec. 31, 2015.
- During the fourth quarter, 678,155 shares of Cooper’s common stock were repurchased for $25.5 million at an average price of $37.62 per share.
Consolidated Full Year 2016 Highlights:
- Full year 2016 net sales were $2.92 billion. This represents a 1.6 percent decrease over the prior year. While net sales were positively impacted by higher unit volume of $78 million, the increase was offset by $77 million of unfavorable price and mix, primarily due to pricing and promotion actions related to lower raw material costs, and $49 million of negative currency impact.
- Operating profit was $384 million compared with $354 million for the same period last year. Operating profit increased as a result of $48 million of favorable raw material costs, net of price and mix, $13 million of favorable product liability costs, $9 million of higher unit volume and $7 million of favorable SG&A. These benefits were partially offset by $21 million of higher manufacturing costs, $12 million in non-cash pension settlement charges, $9 million of negative currency, and $5 million of other costs. Higher manufacturing costs were concentrated in the Americas segment and were primarily related to the greater complexity of manufacturing more higher value, higher margin tires.
- The effective tax rate for 2016 was 31.5 percent compared with 35.4 percent for 2015. The effective tax rate decreased due to a more favorable mix of foreign earnings in lower rate jurisdictions. Discrete tax amounts for 2016 were unfavorable compared with the prior year because 2015 included increased research and development credits and higher amounts for the lapse of statutes related to uncertain tax positions.
- Full year capital expenditures were $175 million compared with $183 million in 2015.
- For the full year, 3,127,527 shares of Cooper stock were repurchased for $108 million, or an average price of $34.53 per share. Share repurchases continued in early 2017 with an additional 330,277 shares purchased at an average cost of $36.59 for $12.1 million through Feb. 14, 2017. Since share repurchases began in August 2014 through Feb. 14, 2017, the company has repurchased 12.6 million of its shares at an average price of $34.15.
Americas Tire Operations:
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Fourth quarter net sales in the Americas segment declined 2.4 percent as a result of $22 million of unfavorable price and mix, primarily due to net price reductions related to lower raw material costs, and $6 million of negative currency impact, partially offset by $11 million of higher unit volume. Segment unit shipments increased 1.5 percent compared with the same period last year. Cooper’s total light vehicle tire shipments in the United States decreased 1.0 percent during the quarter. Unit volume growth in Latin America was strong, with a double-digit year-over-year increase in the fourth quarter. For the fourth quarter, the Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA) reported that its member shipments were up 0.2 percent, and total industry shipments (including an estimate for non-RMA members) increased 5.7 percent for the period. Cooper’s TBR tire shipments for the United States were down 1.8 percent for the quarter. For the same period, RMA member shipments were up 0.4 percent, and total industry shipments increased 7.2 percent.
Cooper’s full year total light vehicle tire shipments in the United States decreased 2.5 percent. For the same period, RMA member shipments were down 1.5 percent, and total industry shipments increased 2.2 percent. Full year TBR tire shipments increased 13.3 percent year over year, compared with a decrease of 0.8 percent for the RMA and an increase of 4.0 percent for the total industry.
Fourth quarter operating profit was $116 million, or 16.8 percent of net sales, compared with $122 million, or 17.1 percent of net sales, in the fourth quarter of 2015. The lower operating profit reflected $16 million of unfavorable price and mix, net of raw material costs, $1 million of higher manufacturing costs, and $3 million of other costs. These were partially offset by $8 million of favorable SG&A costs, primarily driven by lower incentive compensation costs, $3 million of higher unit volume, and $3 million of lower product liability costs.
International Tire Operations:
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Fourth quarter net sales in the International segment increased to $124 million from $101 million in 2015, driven by $28 million of higher unit volume and $5 million of favorable price and mix, partially offset by $10 million of negative currency impact. Unit volume increased by double digits in both Europe and Asia, with domestic unit sales in China up 88 percent year over year as a result of growth in both original equipment and replacement tire sales.
Fourth quarter operating profit was $1 million, up $8 million compared with an operating loss of $7 million for the same period a year ago. Drivers of the improvement included $9 million of favorable raw material costs, net of price and mix, and $4 million of higher unit volume. These favorable items were partially offset by $3 million of other costs and $2 million of higher SG&A.
For 2017, the company anticipates:
- Unit volume growth in each of its four segments
- Raw material costs are volatile and difficult to project, but the company’s latest forecast anticipates raw material costs to be up approximately 25 percent year over year in the first half of 2017, with slight sequential increases throughout the balance of the year
- Full year 2017 total company operating margin is expected to be at the high end of the company’s previously announced mid-term target of 8 to 10 percent based on operating margin around the low end of the range in the first half of the year, but exceeding 10 percent in the second half of the year
- The International segment is expected to continue to improve operating profit in 2017, inclusive of the recently acquired majority interest in Qingdao Ge Rui Da Rubber Co. (GRT)
- The full year 2017 effective tax rate is expected to be in a range of 30 to 33 percent
- Capital expenditures for 2017 are expected be in the range of $220 to $250 million
Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2016 Conference Call Today at 10 a.m. Eastern
Management will discuss the financial and operating results for the fourth quarter and full year 2016, as well as the company’s business outlook, on a conference call for analysts and investors today at 10 a.m. EST. The call may be accessed on the investor relations page of the company’s website at http://investors.coopertire.com or at http://services.choruscall.com/links/ctb170217.html. Following the conference call, the webcast will be archived and available for 90 days at these websites.
A summary presentation of information related to the quarter is posted on the company's website at http://investors.coopertire.com/Quarterly-Results.
This release contains what the company believes are “forward-looking statements,” as that term is defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, regarding projections, expectations or matters that the company anticipates may happen with respect to the future performance of the industries in which the company operates, the economies of the United States and other countries, or the performance of the company itself, which involve uncertainty and risk.
Such “forward-looking statements” are generally, though not always, preceded by words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “will,” “should,” “believes,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” and similar terms that connote a view to the future and are not merely recitations of historical fact. Such statements are made solely on the basis of the company’s current views and perceptions of future events, and there can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be true.
It is possible that actual results may differ materially from projections or expectations due to a variety of factors, including but not limited to:
- volatility in raw material and energy prices, including those of rubber, steel, petroleum based products and natural gas or the unavailability of such raw materials or energy sources;
- the failure of the company’s suppliers to timely deliver products in accordance with contract specifications;
- changes to tariffs or the imposition of new tariffs or trade restrictions, including changes related to the anti-dumping and countervailing duties for passenger car and light truck tires imported into the United States from China; and any duties from the investigation into truck and bus tires imported into the United States from China;
- changes in economic and business conditions in the world;
- increased competitive activity including actions by larger competitors or lower-cost producers;
- the failure to achieve expected sales levels;
- changes in the company’s customer relationships, including loss of particular business for competitive or other reasons;
- the ultimate outcome of litigation brought against the company, including product liability claims, which could result in commitment of significant resources and time to defend and possible material damages against the company or other unfavorable outcomes;
- a disruption in, or failure of, the company’s information technology systems, including those related to cyber security, could adversely affect the company’s business operations and financial performance;
- changes in pension expense and/or funding resulting from investment performance of the company’s pension plan assets and changes in discount rate, and expected return on plan assets assumptions, or changes to related accounting regulations;
- government regulatory and legislative initiatives including environmental, healthcare and tax matters;
- volatility in the capital and financial markets or changes to the credit markets and/or access to those markets;
- A variety of factors, including market conditions, may affect the actual amount expended on stock repurchases; the company’s ability to consummate stock repurchases; changes in the company’s results of operations or financial conditions or strategic priorities may lead to a modification, suspension or cancellation of stock repurchases, which may occur at any time;
- changes in interest or foreign exchange rates;
- an adverse change in the company’s credit ratings, which could increase borrowing costs and/or hamper access to the credit markets;
- failure to implement information technologies or related systems, including failure by the company to successfully implement an ERP system;
- the risks associated with doing business outside of the United States;
- the failure to develop technologies, processes or products needed to support consumer demand;
- technology advancements;
- the inability to recover the costs to develop and test new products or processes;
- the impact of labor problems, including labor disruptions at the company, its joint ventures, or at one or more of its large customers or suppliers;
- failure to attract or retain key personnel;
- consolidation among the company’s competitors or customers;
- inaccurate assumptions used in developing the company’s strategic plan or operating plans or the inability or failure to successfully implement such plans;
- risks relating to acquisitions including the failure to successfully integrate them into operations or their related financings may impact liquidity and capital resources;
- changes in the company’s relationship with its joint-venture partners or suppliers, including any changes with respect to its former CCT joint venture’s production of Cooper-branded products;
- the ability to find sufficient alternative sources for products supplied by CCT;
- the inability to obtain and maintain price increases to offset higher production or material costs;
- inability to adequately protect the company’s intellectual property rights; and
- inability to use deferred tax assets.
It is not possible to foresee or identify all such factors. Any forward-looking statement in this release is based on certain assumptions and analyses made by the company in light of its experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors it believes are appropriate in the circumstances. Prospective investors are cautioned that any such statements are not a guarantee of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected.
The company makes no commitment to update any forward-looking statement included herein or to disclose any facts, events or circumstances that may affect the accuracy of any forward-looking statement. Further information covering issues that could materially affect financial performance is contained in the company's periodic filings with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This press release includes non-GAAP financial measures as defined under SEC rules. Non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, operating profit, net income, earnings per share, total debt or other financial measures prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The company’s methods of determining these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from the methods used by other companies for these or similar non-GAAP financial measures. Accordingly, these non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to measures used by other companies. As required by SEC rules, detailed reconciliations between the company’s GAAP and non-GAAP financial results are provided on the attached schedule. The company uses adjusted operating profit, net income and earnings per share to evaluate the performance of the company’s operations exclusive of certain items affecting comparability of results from period to period. The company believes that information about operating profit, net income and earnings per share exclusive of these items is useful to investors, particularly where the impact of the excluded items is significant in relation to reported earnings, because the measure allows for comparability between periods of the operating performance of the company’s business and allows investors to evaluate the impact of the excluded items separately from the impact of the operations of the business. The company believes return on invested capital (“ROIC”) provides additional insight for analysts and investors in evaluating the company’s financial and operating performance. The company defines ROIC as the trailing four quarters’ net income before interest, after tax, divided by the total invested capital, which is the average of ending debt and equity for the last five quarters. The company believes ROIC is a useful measure of how effectively the company uses capital to generate profits.
(Statements of income, balance sheets and cash flow)
About Cooper Tire & Rubber Company
Cooper Tire & Rubber Company (NYSE: CTB) is the parent company of a global family of companies that specializes in the design, manufacture, marketing and sale of passenger car, light truck, medium truck, motorcycle and racing tires. Cooper’s headquarters is in Findlay, Ohio, with manufacturing, sales, distribution, technical and design operations within its family of companies located in more than one dozen countries around the world. For more information on Cooper, visit www.coopertire.com, www.facebook.com/coopertire or www.twitter.com/coopertire.